The Impact of Menopausal Symptoms on Quality of Life Productivity and Economic Outcomes

Meeting a woman aged 392811

Corresponding author. E-mail: moc. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Additionally, individual menopausal symptoms were used as predictors of outcomes in a separate set of regression models. Results The mean age of women in the analysis was Women experiencing menopausal symptoms reported significantly lower levels of HRQoL and significantly higher work impairment, and healthcare utilization than women without menopausal symptoms. Depression, anxiety, and joint stiffness were symptoms with the strongest associations with health outcomes. Conclusions Menopausal symptoms can be a significant humanistic and economic burden on women in middle age. Introduction Menopause is defined as the cessation of menstrual periods for at least 12 consecutive months and not due to physiologic e.

Leaks in the pipeline can be seen because while women represent the adult year of university graduates overall, there is a smaller proportion of women along with those at the graduate level above all among those with a doctorate. The proportion of graduates that are women is different across generations. Ina a good deal larger proportion of younger doctorate holders were women compared with older amount holders. The proportion of women after that men with a doctorate working at the same time as a professor was very similar But, younger women with a doctorate were less likely to be working at the same time as a professor than their older counterparts.

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